- Oct 25th, 2017
SCOPE - Eco Toilet & Sanitation in India
Society for Community Organisation and People's Education
SCOPE an NGO based in Tiruchi, established in 1986 concentrates on rural development, empowering the marginalized women in rural areas found out soon that open defecation due to inability to construct toilets was one of the basic problems that prevented their economic development. Increased income was always eroded by increased medical bill, and fall in income due to increased absenteeism.
SCOPE then concentrated building toilets with the help of State Government TSC, and other agencies, and built over 15,000 pits pour and flush pit latrines. The fast 5 years scope has been focusing on Ecological Sanitation and has Constructed over 2000 Ecosan Toilets on the banks of the rivers Ganges and Cauveri and in Tsunami hit Sandy coastal villages of Tamilnadu.
Sevanthilingapuram on the banks of the sacred River Cauvery, about 35Kms from Trichy on Trichy- Musiri road, consists of three habitations, Sevanthilingapuram North with 201 dwellings, Sevanthilingapuram south with 87 dwellings, and Umayalpuram with 96 houses. Only 42 out of 246 houses occupied had toilets. Hence 80% of the villagers were forced to defecate in the open mostly on the banks of the River Cauvery and an irrigation canal flowing in Sevanthilingapuram. The residents were interested in having toilets in their houses but due to waterlogging, pit latrines promoted under the TSC were not feasible in the village. Septic tank latrines were too costly for them.
Residents of Sevanthilingapuram on seeing the excellent performance of the ECOSAN Compost Toilets in nearby Kaliyapalayam were keen to go for ECOSAN Compost Toilets with financial support from UNICEF and State Government. So far in two phases, 138 ECOSAN Compost Toilets have been constructed. With the help, Auro Annam of Auroville (Pondicherry) on the final phase ECOSAN Compost Toilets have been constructed in the 63 house also Sevanthilingapuram earning the distinction of being the First ECOSAN Village in the country.
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